Cardiac physiotherapy is a branch of physiotherapy and it is focused on repairing the damage done on the heart by ailments and diseases.
Cardiac physiotherapy involves many activities that help the patient an effective program of treatment. During the physiotherapy session, the physiotherapist will provide the patient with the right type of equipment as well as exercise to facilitate the circulation of blood in the body. The exercise used by the physiotherapist should be modified as per the needs of the patient. Physiotherapy usually takes place in the hospital, but in some cases, the patient can be treated in the comfort of home.
A heart attack is not something that happens every now and then. It can happen anytime for a person with a compromised condition of the heart. Cardiac physiotherapy helps the patient by increasing his fitness level. This helps in avoiding further complications that may arise due to the illness.
Cardiac physiotherapy provides the patient with a complete range of physical therapies. These include exercises to increase the flexibility and strength of the muscles. Stretching of the muscles is one of the most important functions of physiotherapy. This ensures that all parts of the body are supple and fit. It also helps in the reduction of tension in the muscles, which improves the circulation. This prevents the muscles from becoming stiff and hence, improves the overall performance of the patient.
Cardiac physiotherapy also helps the patients by preventing further damage to the heart caused due to angina. Cardiac spasm causes immense pain and stress to the patients lying on the bed. Cardiac spasm occurs when the heart does not pump the blood adequately throughout the body. In such a situation, an extra effort is made by the heart to pump blood, which increases the stress on the heart.
Physiotherapy can help in many other ways too. It improves the overall health of the patient by strengthening his heart. The physiotherapy helps the patient maintain a good diet regime. It prevents various diseases like diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, arthritis and other muscular diseases. It keeps the patient fit and active, reduces the risk of heart disease, increases the energy level and hence, makes the patient physically active.
Cardiac physiotherapy includes physical therapy, electrotherapy, manual resistance training, stress management and biofeedback.